Food and Fertilizer Export Restrictions Tracker
Reports and Data
Laborde D. & Mamun A. (2022). Food Export restrictions during the Ukraine-Russia crisis
Who we are
Laborde, David, Abdullah Mamun, and Marie Parent. 2020. COVID-19 Food Trade Policy Tracker [dataset]. Washington, DC: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
Food export restrictions are once again a concern as food prices rise even higher. This behavior can have dire unintended consequences for vulnerable people in food-importing countries, increasing prices and exacerbating issues of food insecurity already inflamed by the COVID-19 pandemic.
IFPRI started tracking food export restrictions and documenting their impacts following the onset of COVID-19 lockdowns and some national governments moving to restrict food exports. With the intensifying conflict in Ukraine on top of supply chain disruptions, food and fertilizer prices are surging, and monitoring food export restrictions is again important.
The Food and Fertilizer Export Restrictions Tracker allows you to track these policies for food products and fertilizers. The impacts of export restrictions around the world are shown as a percentage of each country’s imported calories that are impacted by export restrictions. The tracker can also be used to compare the current situation to the 2007-08 food price crisis. Check out these and other features in the tracker below.
Our export restriction tracker continues monitoring food and fertilizer trade policies by the countries. According to our data there are coupled of trade restrictions near to phase out. We keep watching these restrictions whether the countries end or renew them. Only one new restriction has come into place during this time.
On 2 October 2022, China imposed export ban corn starch signaling that the country, the biggest importer of corn, is likely worried about local supplies.
With this development, now the share of traded calories that are restricted due to ban or licensing or tax has reduced to 6.98% in October 2022, a slight decrease by 0.2 percentage points from September 2022.
August and September 2022
Our export restriction tracker continues monitoring food and fertilizer trade policies by the countries. According to our data there are couple of export restrictions withdrawn in the month of August and September. Several new restrictions have come into place during this time.
In August and September 2022, we see Kazakhstan ended ban of sunflower seeds, wheat and wheat flour, and Malaysia withdrawn export ban of live chicken and chicken meat.
On 8 September 2022, India first imposed export tax as the country seeks to secure domestic supplies of the food grain after planting shrank due to lack of adequate rains. Un-milled rice and husked brown rice will attract an export levy of 20% with effect from Sept. 9. Semi-milled or wholly milled rice, other than parboiled and basmati rice, will also attract a duty of 20%. On the same day, India also banned export of broken rice.
With this development, now the share of traded calories that are restricted due to ban or licensing has reduced to 7.2% in September 2022, a slight increase by 0.4 percentage points from July 2022. The increase is largely due to new restrictive measures taken by India.
Our export restriction tracker continues monitoring food and fertilizer trade policies by the countries. According to our data there are couple of export restrictions withdrawn in the month of July. Two new restrictions have come into effective. In July 2022 we see Turkey withdrawn banning export of oil, Georgia on wheat and barley, and Kazakhstan on live cattle. On 18 July 2022, Indonesia set its July crude palm oil reference price at $1615.83 per ton. The July reference price would place the export levy and export tax at a maximum $200 per ton and $288 per ton respectively. On the other hand, new restrictions have been put in place by Bangladesh and India. Bangladesh has banned exporting rice until end of the year, while India has restricted exporting wheat flour from 12 July 2022. Please note that India earlier imposed export restrictions on wheat grain, effective from 13 May 2022, which is still in place. With this development, now the share of traded calories that are restricted due to ban or licensing has reduced to 6.84% in July 2022, a decline by around 4 percentage points from June 2022. The decline is largely due to ending of export tax and ban by Indonesia, Kazakhstan, and Turkey.
Our food and fertilizer export restriction tracker is updated when a country put restrictions on items that they export globally. We also keep tracking of the countries that announce lifting of ban or where the end date of export restriction comes to an end or expired.
According to the latest news, Indonesia decided to lift export ban of palm oil on May 19, 2022, which came into effective from May 23, 2022. However, the country has reimposed a domestic market obligation (DMO) on palm oil to ensure 10 million tons of palm oil remains at home. Other notable countries where end date of their restriction has expired recently include Kazakhstan, Hungary, Morocco and Moldova.
On the other hand, India has put export ban of wheat and sugar on May 13, 2022. Though India’s share of wheat export in global trade in 2020-21 was small, this has come as a shock to importers who were expecting to import wheat from the country as the large sources of the grain – Russia and Ukraine – are now blocked.
With this development, now the share of traded calories that are restricted due to ban or licensing has reduced to 10.6% in May 2022, a decline by around 6 percentage points from April 2022. The decline is largely due to ending of export ban by Indonesia and Kazakhstan.
The Tool: Food and Fertilizer Export Restrictions Tracker
The Food Export Restrictions Tracker provides daily updated information on export restrictions affecting international food trade. Our export restriction data comes from a variety of sources, originating primarily from news articles that are then verified with official government sources. We supplement with other data sets to create impact indicators for the export restrictions. We have also constructed a data set from the 2007-2008 world food price crisis for comparison.
To learn more about the tracker data, please see our working paper. As the project evolves, we will update the working paper, so please check back for the latest version.
The Food Export Restrictions Tracker is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.