Country responses to the food security crisis: Nature and preliminary implications of the policies pursued
This paper examines the short-term measures adopted by 81 countries from Asia, Africa, and Latin America and the Caribbean in response to the food price crisis and assesses their implications for food security and poverty alleviation. It reviews market and trade measures aimed at reducing food prices for consumers. Safety net and production support measures are discussed and the impact of these measures is analyzed.
Bailing out the World’s Poorest.
Martin Ravallion. World Bank. 2009.
While the 2008 financial crisis is global in nature, it is likely to have heterogeneous welfare impacts within the developing world, with some countries, and some people, more vulnerable than others. It also threatens to have lasting impacts for some of those affected, notably through the nutrition and schooling of children in poor families. These features point to the need for a differentiated social policy response, aiming to provide rapid income support to those in most need, while preserving the key physical and human assets of poor people and their communities. The paper points out some mistakes in past crisis responses and identifies key design features for safety net programs that can help compensate for the likely welfare losses in the short-term while also promoting longer-term recovery.
Comprehensive Framework for Action.
This report provides a range of policy options for responding to the food crisis. It recommends two sets of actions. The first set meets the immediate needs of vulnerable populations and includes making emergency food assistance, nutrition interventions, and safety nets more accessible; boosting smallholder farmer food production; adjusting trade and tax policies; and managing macroeconomic implications. The second set comprises of building resilience and contributing to global food and nutrition security. These measures include expanding social protection systems; sustaining the growth of smallholder farmer-led food availability; improving international food markets; and developing consensus on international biofuel policies.
World Hunger Series: Hunger and Markets
This edition of the World Hunger Series is intended to help create a better understanding of the complexity of hunger and markets. It is divided into four parts: Part I (Chapters 1 to 3) presents the basic concepts related to hunger and the importance of markets; Part II (Chapters 4 to 8) provides a broad analysis of key aspects of the relationship between hunger and markets, including livelihoods and food security at household level, market access for the poor, determinants of food availability, risks faced by the hungry poor in relation to markets, and the impact of emergencies on market performance; Part III (Chapters 9 and 10) identifies policy options and actions that various stakeholders may adopt for the benefit of the hungry poor; and Part IV is a compendium of data on the state of hunger, malnutrition, food availability and access.