Sierra Leone

One of the world’s poorest countries, Sierra Leone has made significant progress in overcoming the economic and development challenges left by high population growth and a decade of civil war. Since the war’s end in 2002, GDP growth reached 5.6 percent in 2011 and is predicted to rise to 6 percent in 2012 (World Bank). While recent high global commodity prices and currency depreciation caused average inflation to increase to 18.5 percent in 2011, that number is expected to decline in 2012 to 8.5 percent (World Bank).

Despite this successful growth, poverty remains pervasive, with an estimated 75 percent of the population living below the poverty line in 2007. This rate increases to 80 percent in rural areas (UNICEF). Underemployment remains rampant, particularly in urban areas and among youths and former combatants.

Agriculture contributes over 40 percent of the country’s GDP (WFP). However, low labor productivity, lack of irrigation, and inadequate access to markets make food security a continuing challenge. Approximately one fourth of the population was estimated to have poor food consumption in 2007; 40 percent of children under five are chronically malnourished (WFP). Infant mortality rates were recorded at 160 per 1,000 in 2006, while maternal mortality was 1,077 per 100,000 births in 2005.

Agricultural Production
Agricultural Production2011201220132014
Rice Production
FAO 2014
1,129,338 MT1,141,417 MT1,255,559 MT1,155,000 MT
Maize Production
FAO 2012
52,416 MT39,237 MT40,022 MT38,000 MT
Agricultural Exports
Agricultural Exports
Agricultural Imports
Agricultural Imports2010201120122013
Rice Imports
FAO 2013
103,498 MT163,660 MT231,135 MT259,440 MT
Wheat Imports
FAO 2012
12,777 MT13,977 MT6,000 MT0.00 MT
Maize Imports
FAO 2010
1,000.00 MT1,000.00 MT411.00 MT359.00 MT