Peru is a middle-income country with a growing economy. It was ranked 80th out of 187 on the 2011 UNDP Human Development Index and 15th out of 79 on the 2012 Global Hunger Index. The country experienced an average GDP growth rate of 6.5 percent between 2002 and 2011, increasing per capita income by more than 50 percent during this period (World Bank 2012).

In spite of such impressive economic growth, poverty and extreme income inequality continue to plague Peru. The national poverty rate is over 50 percent, with 20 percent of people in the remote Sierra region considered extremely poor (IFAD 2012).

Agriculture is mainly at the subsistence level, with many smallholders facing chronic food insecurity. Approximately 11 million people (38 percent) do not have even minimum daily calories intake (2,100Kcal). Fourteen out of 25 regions in the country are extremely vulnerable to child chronic undernutrition (WFP 2012). More than 18 percent of children under five suffer from chronic undernutrition. Insufficient access to food commodities, poor consumption patterns, inadequate child care, poor nutrition practices, and low educational levels all contribute to high levels of food insecurity in Peru.

Agricultural Production
Agricultural Production2013201420152016
Rice Production
FAO 2016
3,050,934 MT2,896,613 MT3,151,408 MT3,165,749 MT
Wheat Production
FAO 2016
230,105 MT218,904 MT214,849 MT191,108 MT
Maize Production
FAO 2016
1,670,470 MT1,529,636 MT1,746,428 MT1,509,809 MT
Soybean Production
FAO 2016
2,709 MT2,119 MT1,911 MT1,371 MT
Agricultural Exports
Agricultural Exports2013201420152016
Rice Exports
FAO 2016
29,869 MT43.00 MT79.00 MT8,662 MT
Wheat Exports
FAO 2016
95.00 MT73.00 MT81.00 MT96.00 MT
Maize Exports
FAO 2016
8,706 MT8,462 MT8,105 MT9,563 MT
Soybean Exports
FAO 2016
5.00 MT7.00 MT125.00 MT3.00 MT
Agricultural Imports
Agricultural Imports2010201120122013
Rice Imports
FAO 2013
94,665 MT205,352 MT253,136 MT175,756 MT
Wheat Imports
FAO 2012
1,687,196 MT1,683,702 MT1,696,622 MT1,804,847 MT
Maize Imports
FAO 2016
1,917,973 MT1,907,853 MT1,847,209 MT2,020,981 MT
Soybean Imports
FAO 2016
100,413 MT79,317 MT92,628 MT162,421 MT