Although it has declined in recent years as a percentage of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP), the agricultural sector sustains the livelihoods of 45 percent of Pakistan’s population (FAO 2012). In particular, wheat production is a mainstay of the country’s food security, with 24 million tonnes of wheat produced in 2010. Rice production has also doubled since 1980 and is now one of the country’s major export crops.

Agricultural Production
Agricultural Production2013201420152016
Rice Production
FAO 2016
10,467,150 MT10,504,200 MT10,201,840 MT10,412,155 MT
Wheat Production
FAO 2016
24,211,360 MT25,979,399 MT25,086,174 MT26,005,213 MT
Maize Production
FAO 2016
4,944,210 MT4,936,747 MT5,270,914 MT6,130,000 MT
Soybean Production
FAO 2016
65.00 MT63.00 MT22.00 MT67.00 MT
Agricultural Exports
Agricultural Exports2013201420152016
Rice Exports
FAO 2016
3,822,012 MT3,768,391 MT4,051,033 MT3,947,365 MT
Wheat Exports
FAO 2016
121,564 MT12,461 MT9,511 MT5,091 MT
Maize Exports
FAO 2016
127,868 MT10,902 MT60,571 MT55,282 MT
Soybean Exports
FAO 2016
0.00 MT MT0.00 MT5.00 MT
Agricultural Imports
Agricultural Imports2010201120122013
Rice Imports
FAO 2013
1,925 MT21,052 MT11,421 MT61,169 MT
Wheat Imports
FAO 2012
94,058 MT21,841 MT0.00 MT386,932 MT
Maize Imports
FAO 2016
12,338 MT13,096 MT17,687 MT24,369 MT
Soybean Imports
FAO 2016
143.00 MT3.00 MT6.00 MT1.00 MT
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