At more than 160 million people, the population of Nigeria is the largest in Africa and accounts for 47 percent of West Africa’s total population (World Bank 2012). Nigeria is also the biggest oil exporter in Africa, with the continent’s largest natural gas reserves. Nigeria’s oil wealth has helped it maintain relatively steady economic growth despite recent global financial downturns. The country’s GDP grew from 6 percent in 2008 to 8.4 percent in 2010 (World Bank 2012). Unemployment remains a significant problem, however, with an estimated 50 million youth unemployed.

Agricultural Production
Agricultural Production2013201420152016
Rice Production
FAO 2016
4,823,330 MT6,002,831 MT6,256,228 MT6,070,813 MT
Wheat Production
FAO 2016
80,000 MT70,000 MT60,000 MT60,000 MT
Maize Production
FAO 2016
8,422,670 MT10,058,968 MT10,562,050 MT10,414,012 MT
Soybean Production
FAO 2016
517,960 MT623,815 MT588,523 MT588,201 MT
Agricultural Exports
Agricultural Exports2013201420152016
Rice Exports
FAO 2016
144.00 MT681.00 MT427.00 MT124.00 MT
Wheat Exports
FAO 2016
100.00 MT3,101 MT6.00 MT21.00 MT
Maize Exports
FAO 2016
7,530 MT10,488 MT6,185 MT3,161 MT
Soybean Exports
FAO 2016
8,800 MT9,000 MT9,000 MT9,000 MT
Agricultural Imports
Agricultural Imports2010201120122013
Rice Imports
FAO 2013
1,882,759 MT2,187,419 MT2,455,202 MT2,187,370 MT
Wheat Imports
FAO 2012
3,971,861 MT4,039,669 MT4,067,155 MT4,358,863 MT
Maize Imports
FAO 2016
550.00 MT812.00 MT1,000.00 MT1,200 MT
Soybean Imports
FAO 2016
9.00 MT9.00 MT5,721 MT12,757 MT