Nicaragua is the second poorest country in Latin America after Haiti (IFAD 2012). It was ranked 129th out of 187 on the 2011 UNDP Human Development Index and 21st out of 79 on the 2012 Global Hunger Index. While poverty in the country remains high, however, Nicaragua’s economy has made great strides forward in recent years. In 2011, economic activity grew by 5.1 percent, the highest rate in a decade; inflation also declined in 2011 to around 8 percent, down from a record high of 25 percent in 2008 (World Bank 2012).

Agricultural Production
Agricultural Production2013201420152016
Rice Production
FAO 2016
371,934 MT369,048 MT376,438 MT335,000 MT
Maize Production
FAO 2016
493,449 MT360,503 MT291,385 MT410,630 MT
Soybean Production
FAO 2016
7,095 MT2,831 MT5,693 MT7,000 MT
Agricultural Exports
Agricultural Exports2013201420152016
Rice Exports
FAO 2016
5,659 MT16,609 MT9,264 MT10,155 MT
Wheat Exports
FAO 2016
0.00 MT18.00 MT18.00 MT MT
Maize Exports
FAO 2016
10,130 MT3,693 MT4,375 MT102.00 MT
Soybean Exports
FAO 2016
131.00 MT320.00 MT129.00 MT25.00 MT
Agricultural Imports
Agricultural Imports2010201120122013
Rice Imports
FAO 2013
87,237 MT92,434 MT84,313 MT82,979 MT
Wheat Imports
FAO 2012
111,803 MT127,028 MT119,446 MT184,967 MT
Maize Imports
FAO 2016
122,086 MT123,503 MT139,141 MT108,870 MT
Soybean Imports
FAO 2016
21.00 MT4.00 MT4.00 MT0.00 MT