The island country of Madagascar remains plagued by political and economic instability, poverty, and food insecurity. While the country engaged in an ambitious transformation program designed to improve social, economic, and governance indicators between 2002 and 2008, a 2009 political crisis has thrown these improvements off-course. This political strife, in combination with the global financial downturn, led to a 4 percent decline in economic growth in 2009 (World Bank 2012).

Agricultural Production
Agricultural Production2013201420152016
Rice Production
FAO 2016
3,610,626 MT3,977,863 MT3,722,304 MT3,815,849 MT
Wheat Production
FAO 2016
5,000 MT5,000 MT5,000 MT5,000 MT
Maize Production
FAO 2016
380,848 MT366,172 MT329,367 MT316,331 MT
Soybean Production
FAO 2016
44.00 MT38.00 MT35.00 MT43.00 MT
Agricultural Exports
Agricultural Exports2013201420152016
Rice Exports
FAO 2016
8.00 MT57.00 MT107.00 MT149.00 MT
Wheat Exports
FAO 2016
0.00 MT MT MT MT
Maize Exports
FAO 2016
1,996 MT2,885 MT4,458 MT2,748 MT
Soybean Exports
FAO 2016
0.00 MT2.00 MT0.00 MT MT
Agricultural Imports
Agricultural Imports2010201120122013
Rice Imports
FAO 2013
132,510 MT201,073 MT193,081 MT388,701 MT
Wheat Imports
FAO 2012
0.00 MT25,061 MT25,302 MT33,570 MT
Maize Imports
FAO 2016
6,412 MT11,723 MT13,885 MT19,069 MT
Soybean Imports
FAO 2016
324.00 MT109.00 MT2.00 MT0.00 MT