Honduras

A lower middle-income country, Honduras is the second poorest country in Central America (IFAD 2012). In 2010, the country had a per capita income of about US$1,880. Honduras’s economy is based largely on the international trading of agricultural commodities and manufactures, making it the most open economy in Central America; this has also made it particularly susceptible to the 2008-09 global financial downturn. Remittances and exports fell sharply during this period, with GDP growth falling by around 2 percent in 2009 (World Bank). An estimated 1.5 million Hondurans suffer from hunger and food insecurity, and recurrent natural disasters continue to threaten the country’s most vulnerable populations (WFP 2012). Poverty in Honduras affects 60 percent of the population; 36 percent of the population lives in extreme poverty. In rural areas, these figures rise to 63 and 50 percent, respectively (IFAD 2012). Indigenous populations are even more likely to be poor, with 71 percent living below the poverty line. Chronic malnutrition can reach 48.5 percent in rural areas, with a stunting rate of 34 percent (WFP 2012).

Agriculture employs 39 percent of the population of Honduras, with 28 percent of the country’s land being farmed (IFAD 2012). Subsistence farmers make up 70 percent of the agricultural community, farming low-profit crops such as bananas, plantains, rice, maize, and beans. These small-scale farmers have little access to land and depend largely on remittances and off-farm employment. Households headed by women make up approximately 9 percent of the country’s small farmers, but earn approximately 30 percent less than households headed by men (IFAD 2012).

Weather-related events pose significant barriers to agricultural productivity in Honduras. The country is particularly prone to erosion, hurricanes, and flooding, which can cause widespread destruction of basic economic and social infrastructure, as well as crops. The country also suffers prolonged droughts on a regular basis, affecting food and nutritional security for the poorest populations.

Agricultural Production
Agricultural Production2011201220132014
Rice Production
FAO 2014
49,224 MT53,755 MT49,643 MT51,575 MT
Wheat Production
FAO 2012
1,095 MT1,103 MT1,110 MT1,118 MT
Maize Production
FAO 2012
544,965 MT524,463 MT599,382 MT609,312 MT
Soybean Production
FAO 2013
1,229 MT1,229 MT1,229 MT1,229 MT
Agricultural Exports
Agricultural Exports2010201120122013
Rice Exports
FAO 2013
2,679 MT3,920 MT5,440 MT3,709 MT
Wheat Exports
FAO 2012
0.00 MT0.00 MT0.00 MT0.00 MT
Maize Exports
FAO 2013
1,377 MT681.00 MT4,020 MT3,611 MT
Soybean Exports
FAO 2012
0.00 MT2.00 MT15.00 MT1.00 MT
Agricultural Imports
Agricultural Imports2010201120122013
Rice Imports
FAO 2013
88,200 MT104,866 MT111,373 MT86,557 MT
Wheat Imports
FAO 2012
173,127 MT198,192 MT173,265 MT236,407 MT
Maize Imports
FAO 2010
353,491 MT434,379 MT358,365 MT336,064 MT
Soybean Imports
FAO 2013
200.00 MT5,300 MT2,023 MT3,367 MT