Sustaining food security has always been one of the most important goals for governments at all levels in China. Since the second half of 2006, prices of agricultural commodities on the international and domestic markets kept soaring, which had negative effect on some households, especially the low-income households in China. Food prices registered relatively slow increase in 2005 (by 2.9 percent) and 2006 (by 2.3 percent), before suddenly shooting up to an annual jump of 12.3 percent in 2007. Meanwhile, rural areas reported even bigger food price rise (11.7 percent in cities and 13.6 percent in countryside). The price of pork and poultry and their products rose by approximately 32 percent and that of eggs by 22 percent. Prices for cereals are set by the government and saw a steady, stable increase of 21 percent between 2006 and 2009, after controlling for inflation.

In response to the crisis, China increased agricultural investments by 27 percent in 2007, 38 percent in 2008, and another 20 percent this year. No other big country, with the exception of India, has raised agricultural budget to this extent (The Financial Times Limited 2009). In 2008, China increased export duties on major crops, such as wheat, barley, and rice. The government also increased minimum support prices for different varieties of rice. Other agricultural input subsidies, such as on prices of fertilizers, have also been introduced (FAO GIEWS 2009).

Overall, China’s policy response to the crisis has been praised globally. It has given an opportunity to the country to pay more attention to food security issues. Overall, China considers itself mostly self sufficient and food secure in the production of rice, wheat, and corn. (The Financial Times Limited 2009).

Agricultural Production
Agricultural Production2013201420152016
Rice Production
FAO 2016
205,201,696 MT208,239,602 MT209,811,732 MT211,090,813 MT
Wheat Production
FAO 2016
121,930,527 MT126,215,211 MT130,192,335 MT131,696,392 MT
Maize Production
FAO 2016
218,621,905 MT215,812,104 MT224,795,307 MT231,837,497 MT
Soybean Production
FAO 2016
11,951,879 MT12,155,173 MT11,787,725 MT11,966,328 MT
Agricultural Exports
Agricultural Exports2013201420152016
Rice Exports
FAO 2016
466,374 MT411,623 MT335,359 MT560,406 MT
Wheat Exports
FAO 2016
2,563 MT963.00 MT5,305 MT10,539 MT
Maize Exports
FAO 2016
77,714 MT20,248 MT12,452 MT12,244 MT
Soybean Exports
FAO 2016
221,074 MT217,530 MT146,002 MT139,897 MT
Agricultural Imports
Agricultural Imports2010201120122013
Rice Imports
FAO 2013
875,060 MT1,059,294 MT2,801,203 MT2,718,094 MT
Wheat Imports
FAO 2012
2,361,148 MT2,612,288 MT5,057,542 MT6,830,683 MT
Maize Imports
FAO 2016
6,612,374 MT5,930,095 MT9,587,451 MT7,340,767 MT
Soybean Imports
FAO 2016
57,379,915 MT54,834,369 MT60,765,498 MT65,554,825 MT