Sustaining food security has always been one of the most important goals for governments at all levels in China. Since the second half of 2006, prices of agricultural commodities on the international and domestic markets kept soaring, which had negative effect on some households, especially the low-income households in China. Food prices registered relatively slow increase in 2005 (by 2.9 percent) and 2006 (by 2.3 percent), before suddenly shooting up to an annual jump of 12.3 percent in 2007.

Agricultural Production
Agricultural Production2007200820092010
Rice Production
FAO 2013
187,397,460 MT193,284,180 MT196,681,170 MT197,212,010 MT
Wheat Production
FAO 2012
109,298,296 MT112,456,292 MT115,115,364 MT115,180,303 MT
Maize Production
FAO 2012
152,418,870 MT166,032,097 MT164,107,560 MT177,540,788 MT
Soybean Production
FAO 2013
12,725,147 MT15,545,141 MT14,500,141 MT15,083,204 MT
Agricultural Exports
Agricultural Exports2006200720082009
Rice Exports
FAO 2013
1,231,919 MT1,324,807 MT971,208 MT782,680 MT
Wheat Exports
FAO 2012
1,114,098 MT2,337,144 MT126,473 MT8,413 MT
Maize Exports
FAO 2013
3,070,495 MT4,916,662 MT252,543 MT129,537 MT
Soybean Exports
FAO 2012
379,074 MT456,907 MT465,530 MT346,604 MT
Agricultural Imports
Agricultural Imports2005200620072008
Rice Imports
FAO 2013
580,807 MT827,340 MT598,685 MT361,940 MT
Wheat Imports
FAO 2012
4,792,400 MT1,570,088 MT1,427,545 MT1,008,764 MT
Maize Imports
FAO 2010
4,984,129 MT5,143,126 MT4,529,508 MT4,230,606 MT
Soybean Imports
FAO 2013
29,035,995 MT30,655,250 MT33,150,449 MT39,531,000 MT