Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). 2012. Global Information and Early Warning System (GIEWS). Available online at http://www.fao.org/giews/pricetool/
This data represents the best available monthly price information for each country expressed in U.S. dollars per Kg. The price data comes from a combination of FAO Global Information and Early Warning System (GIEWS) and USAID Famine Early Warning System Network (FEWS) sources.
The FAO data comes from GIEWS and is the retail price of wheat given in U.S. dollars per Kg. Countries are national averages, taken as the average of several rural and urban markets.
Note that seasonal patterns such as harvest periods may account for some of the variations in prices. Notes about variations in each commodity and location are given below, with source information following each country:
Bangladesh; Wholesale; National average. (FAO)
Brazil; Wholesale; National average. (FAO)
China; wheat (flour); Retail; Average of market prices in 50 large and medium cities.
Colombia; Wholesale; Wheat flour; Bogota, Main market for wheat and soybeans in a densely populated urban area. (FAO)
El Salvador: San Salvador, Wheat (flour), wholesale
Ethiopia; Retail; Addis Ababa: Wheat; Prices refer to Merkato, the main market in Addis Ababa. (FAO, USAID)
India; Retail; Mumbai: Wheat; Main urban food deficit area in the country. Largest market for all major foods in the South-West. (FAO)
Indonesia; Retai; National average; Wheat flour (FAO)
Pakistan; Retail; Peshawar: Wheat; Largest maize producing region in the country. (FAO)
Peru; Wholesale; National average (FAO)